Malaria is spread by mosquitoes that are infected by a parasite. When the mosquitoes bite humans, this serious and sometimes life-threatening disease develops. The majority of people that are diagnosed with malaria each year are travellers and immigrants. If you’re planning on travelling abroad, particularly to areas where malaria occurs, such as South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, continue reading to learn how to prevent infection.
Get Anti-Malaria Medication
Roughly four to six weeks before you leave on your travels, visit your doctor and ask for a prescription to an anti-malarial drug that you can then purchase from an online pharmacy. You will be given the right medication based upon your medical history and your travel plans.
Some of these medications can be taken starting the day before you travel, so even if you have to travel at the last minute, there are options available. No matter what, get your medication before you leave rather than waiting to get it at your destination, as purchasing medicine abroad comes with risks of contamination, poor quality, and being counterfeit.
Also, be aware that these medications may cause side effects, so talk to your doctor about what you should expect while taking them.
Prevent Mosquito Bites
While you are travelling, make it a point to prevent mosquito bites by repelling the bugs. You can try a high quality and proven insect repellent, such as one that contains Picardin or DEET. Follow label instructions so you can use the product correctly, and reapply as needed to achieve the best results.
Permethrin spray or wash can be used to repel mosquitoes from your clothes, and you can apply this product before you leave so that it will last for as many as six washings throughout your journey abroad.
Be aware of the fact that mosquitoes bite most between dusk and dawn, so sleep in secure quarters that have screens to keep bugs out. You can even use a bed net that has been treated with Permethrin too. This could help keep bugs from biting you while you sleep.
Be Aware of the Symptoms
Knowing what the symptoms of malaria are will help you get prompt treatment. After all, you can do your best to prevent infection, but nothing is fool proof.
If you start feeling flu-like symptoms, such as fever, headache, fatigue, muscle aches, and chills, or if you have diarrhoea, vomiting, and nausea, see a doctor right away. When left untreated, malaria could lead to confusion, kidney failure, seizures, and death.
Be Aware of Where Malaria Is Prevalent
Finally, you need to be aware of where malaria is located throughout the world. If you are planning on travelling to any countries where malaria is transmitted, dig deeper to find out the regions where the ailment is most common. Having this information will help you make the right decisions to prevent bites and prevent infection.
Whenever you are planning on travelling abroad, do your research to determine if you need to get any vaccinations or take any medications to prevent infections that are common in the areas where you will be staying. Talk to your doctor about what you can do to protect yourself.